Tidal friction

http://astrothesaurus.org/uat/1698

dcterms modified equal to or less than 2020-11-19T16:38:45.291Zequal to or more than 2020-11-19T16:38:45.291Z
broader
http://astrothesaurus.org/uat/1699 original
narrower
1698 original
definition The friction exerted on a primary body (Earth) because of the phase lag between the tides and the gravitational attraction of the secondary body (Moon). The Earth's rotation is faster than the Moon's orbital motion; therefore the Earth's tidal bulges lead the Moon on its orbit. This has two important effects: The Earth is being pulled slightly 'back' from its sense of rotation. So the Earth's rotation slows (by about 1 second every 50,000 years). Moreover, the Moon is being pulled slightly 'forward' on its orbit. So it is harder for the Earth to hold it in place, and it moves further away from the Earth (by about 3-4 cm per yr). Tidal friction tends to synchronize the rotation period of a close-in companion with the period of its orbital motion around the primary.
type
Resource original
Concept original
contributor AAS_Frey.Katie original